ABRAHAM, MAX (1875–1922), German theoretical electro-physicist. Born in Danzig, Abraham was an assistant to the physicist Max Planck. He worked in turn at Goettingen (1900), Cambridge (England), and in the U.S. In 1909 he became professor of mechanics in Milan, but in 1915 was expelled as an enemy alien. He then served in the German army. In 1919 he was appointed professor of physics at the Technische Hochschule Stuttgart. Abraham studied the dynamics of electrons, and his two-volume Theorie der Elektrizitaet went through eight editions between 1904 and 1930. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Physikalische Zeitschrift, 24 (1923), 49–53; Elektrotechnische Zeitschrift, 44 (1923), 20; NDB, 1 (1952), 23–24. (Samuel Aaron Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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